Refractory materials

Refractory / Division Of Rockleigh Industries Inc. offers high quality raw materials to the Refractory industry.
Refractory materials include: MagnesiteChromiteOlivineZirconSpodumene.

BariteWorl the following mineral products into the Refractory Industry:


Iron chromite sand application usage  for  shaped refractory products like Mag-chrome bricks  combining chrome sand with magnesite. Have excellent  thermal shock resistance. Mag-chrome bricks are used to line ladles and furnaces.


Spodumene –  cost effective  source of lithium as a raw material for the refractory industry. It used in application of lubricant and fluxing agent.


Olivine is ideal for use in high temperature applications such as refractory bricks. Olivine fine products are available in various  mesh particle sizes. Also it used in slag conditioning, Abrasives, Tundish Lining, and many refractory products


Burned Magnesite (MgO) is used in tundish and gunning masses and molten steel, slag conditioner and furnace linings. We have a wide range of grades MgO.


Bariteworld supplies top quality grades zircon sand and flour.

Refractory materials

Refractory materials must be chemically and physically stable at high temperatures. Depending on the operating environment, they need to be resistant to thermal shock, be
chemically inert, and/or have specific ranges of thermal conductivity and of the coefficient of thermal expansion.

The oxides of aluminum (alumina), silicon (silica) and magnesium (magnesia) are the most important materials used in the manufacturing of refractories. Another oxide usually found in refractories is the oxide of calcium (lime). Fire clays are also widely used in the manufacture of refractories.

Refractories must be chosen according to the conditions they will face. Some applications require special refractory materials. Zirconia is used when the material must withstand extremely high temperatures. Silicon carbide and carbon (graphite) are two other refractory materials used in some very severe temperature conditions, but they cannot be used in contact with oxygen, as they will oxidize and burn.

Binary compounds such as tungsten carbide or boron nitride can be very refractory. Hafnium carbide is the most refractory binary compound known, with a melting point of 3890 °C.[3][4] The ternary compound tantalum hafnium carbide has one of the highest melting points of all known compounds (4215 °C).

Based on chemical composition

Acidic refractories

Acidic refractories consist of mostly acidic materials like alumina (Al2O3) and silica (SiO2). They are generally not attacked or affected by acidic materials, but easily affected by basic materials.

They include substances such as silica, alumina, and fire clay brick refractories. Notable reagents that can attack both alumina and silica are hydrofluoric acid, phosphoric acid, and fluorinated gases (e.g. HF, F2).[7] At high temperatures, acidic refractories may also react with limes and basic oxides.

Neutral refractories

These are used in areas where slags and atmosphere are either acidic or basic and are chemically stable to both acids and bases. The main raw materials belong to, but are not confined to, the R2O3 group. The common examples of these materials are alumina (Al2O3), chromia (Cr2O3) and carbon.

Basic refractories

These are used on areas where slags and atmosphere are basic; they are stable to alkaline materials but could react with acids. The main raw materials belong to the RO group to which magnesia (MgO) is a very common example.

Other examples include dolomite and chrome-magnesia. For the first half of the twentieth century, the steel making process used artificial periclase (roasted magnesite) as a lining material for the furnace.

  • Based on method of manufacture[edit]
  • Dry press process
  • Fused cast
  • Hand molded
  • Formed (normal, fired or chemically bonded)
  • Un-formed (monolithic-plastic, ramming and gunning mass, castables, mortars, dry vibrating cements.)
  • Un-formed Dry refractories.
  • Castable Refractories

    A complete range of cost effective, easy to install products that offer high mechanical strength and  refractoriness.

  • Wet Rammables

    An assortment of  moisture containing refractories  installed by conventional wet ramming techniques.

  • Precast Refractory Shapes

    A complete range of engineered, precast prefired shapes manufactured with Allied’s refractory materials.

  • Brick Mortar

    Fine grained, alumina and silica based refractory mortars for bonding alumina brick. Available with either heat set or air set bonding systems.

  • Minro Stir Pro Flo Kits

  • Dry Vibratables

    The highest quality moisture-free refractories available in the industry.

  • Gunning Materials

    High density, refractory mixes  that provide easy and fast installation.

  • Refractories plastics

    Phosphate bonded, alumina based plastics and plasters available in various chemical compositions.

  • Fiber

  • Installation Equipment

  • Minro Stir Pro Nozzles

  • Mica